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Our Geography Curriculum

St Paul’s C.E. Primary School

 Geography Curriculum Statement 2021 - 2022  


At St Paul’s we have designed our geography curriculum to be fully inclusive and accessible for all children. We believe the teaching of geography is an essential part of a broad and balanced curriculum, particularly in KS2 but also in KS1.  We believe in an investigative approach to the teaching of Geography. Geographical skills are transferrable and can be applied in all areas of the learning now and in the future, building on cultural capital.   The teaching of geography should inspire children with a sense of awe and wonder about the world in which they live and a thirst to investigate and discover the earth’s key physical features; it’s natural resources and the process which form them; the diversity of places across the globe; how and why people settle in different locations and how they adapt to live in their physical surroundings.  We aim to provide all children with the geographical knowledge, understanding and skills to able to achieve at least age related expectations in geography and to hope to foster a lifelong desire to find out about the wonderful world we inhabit.    


At St Paul’s we follow closely the programmes of study for geography set out in the National Curriculum. Geography is introduced in the EYFS through the knowledge and understanding of the world where children talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary in different places. The teaching of Geography has been planned across the KS2 classes to ensure a coherent and chronological narrative. At KS1 we focus on local geography, the United Kingdom, oceans and continents. Each class will cover 2 units of geography a year, each unit lasting 9 weeks.  We firmly believe in an investigative approach to geography. Each unit of study has been designed to include the specific skills from the National Curriculum required for the delivery of the given content, key questions to be investigated and subject specific vocabulary. Skills and key questions are highlighted when met as part of AFL. Summative assessment will be chosen by the class teacher depending on the topic covered, this will include oral assessment for some children.  
In order to embed knowledge and skills into the long term memory, each unit begins with a recap of learned knowledge. Where maps are used they should be A3 and stuck across a double page. Learning should be presented in a variety of ways. Aerial maps and photographs and documentaries should be used as sources of primary evidence.    

Geography curriculum implementation 2021-22


Year 1  Block 1 (Human and physical geography)  Identify daily and seasonal weather patterns  (ongoing)  Locate and name hot and cold places in the world in relation to the Equator and N and S Poles.  

Block 2 (Human and physical geography) To understand similarities and differences in a small area of the UK and a small area of as non-European country.  

Year 2  
Block 1(Locational knowledge)  Continents and oceans Four countries of the UK and characteristic  
Block 2 (Human and Physical Geography) To use key geographical vocabulary through Katie Morag books.

Year 3  

Block 1 (Locational knowledge) The UK- locate counties cities; key  topographical features, geographical Regions, identifying human and physical characteristics.  Land use patterns and change over time.   
Block 2  Describe and understand the key features of human geography. Mountains and Rivers

Year 4  
Block 1 (Locational knowledge)  Use maps to locate countries in Europe Concentrate on environmental regions, key physical and human characteristic, countries and major cities.  
Block2   Describe and understand the key features of physical geography  volcanoes, mountains, earthquakes, rivers , water cycle, climate zones, biomes and  vegetation belts  

Year 5  
Block 1 (Locational knowledge)  Locational knowledge and significance of the Equator, Hemispheres, Tropics, Arctic/Antarctic circles, Latitude, Longitude, Prime/ Greenwich Meridian and time zones  
Block 2 (Locational knowledge and Human and physical geography)   Compare and contrast human and physical features of the Lake District and the Rainforest.    

Year 6  
Block 1 (Place knowledge)  Physical and human geography of a region of the UK, a region in a European country and a region in N or S America.  Holland and Brazil  
Block 2 ( Geographical skills and field work)  To use the 8 points of a compass, 4 and 6 figure grid references, map symbols and keys –  OS maps    


Children enjoy learning about the world, its key physical and human features and are keen to deepen their knowledge and understanding and to share it with others. This is evidenced through work in books and through independent research. They are able to use transferable skills and are well prepared for the next stage of their learning journey.  All children will make good progress and achieve at least age expected standards in geography

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